From its creation, AxIS has developed several softwares validated experimentally on various applications (in Java, C++ or/and Perl):

Data Preprocessing

Data Mining and Web Usage Mining

Building Recommender Systems (Java)

Other software

AWLH (AxIS Web Log Preprocessing and Data Stream extraction). for Web Usage Mining (WUM). In the context of the Eiffel project (2008-2009), we isolated and redesigned the core of AxISlogMiner preprocessing tool (we called it AWLH) composed of a set of tools for pre-processing Web log files. AWLH can extract and structure log files from several Web servers using different input format. The Web log files are cleaned as usually before to be used by data mining methods, as they contain many noisy entries (for example, robots bring a lot of noise in the analysis of user behaviour then it is important in this case to identify robot requests). The data are stored within a database whose model has been improved.

Now the current version of our Web log processing offers:

For recording the click actions by a user in a real time, we developed in 2009 a tool based on an open source project called "OpenSymphony ClickStream" for capturing Web user actions. For capturing and structuring data issued from annotated documents inside discussion forums, an extended version of AWLH has been developed. Available on INRIA's gforge website (private access)

Publications : TASANA 2004 thesis

As a result of Marascu's thesis (2007-2009) [12], a collection of software have been developed for knowledge discovery and security in data streams (cf. our 2009 annual report for more details). Three clustering methods for mining sequential patterns (Java) in data streams have been developped in Java and take batches of data in the format "Client-Date- Item" and provide clusters of sequences and their centroids in the form of an approximate sequential pattern calculated with an alignment technique. In 2010 the Java code of one method called SMDS has been integrated in the MIDAS demonstrator and a C++ version has been implemented for the CRE contract with Orange Labs with a visualisation module (in Java). SMDS has been applied on data issued from mobile Orange portal and generated vehicle trajectories. It is also integrated as a Web service in the rst version of FocusLab platform in the Elliot context. It Will be available via the FocusLab platform (binary code and web service) in the context of Elliot before the end of this year

Publications :
Marascu 2009 Ph. D. thesis

Two methods for extracting sequential patterns with low support have been developed by D. Tanasa in his thesis in collaboration with F. Masseglia and B. Trousse : Cluster&Divide and Divide&Discover, . See Chapter 3 of Tanasa's PhD document for more details on these two methods and on a framework for developing methods for extracting sequential patterns with low support.

Publications : TASANA 2005 thesis

ATWUEDA for Web Usage Evolving Data Analysis was developed by A. Da Silva in her thesis. This tool was developed in Java and uses the JRI library in order to allow the application of R functions in the Java environment. R is a programming language and software environment for statistical computing (R-project). ATWUEDA is able to read data from a cross table in a MySQL database, split the data according to the user specifications (in logical or temporal windows) and then apply the approach proposed in the Da Silva's thesis in order to detect changes in dynamic environment. The proposed approach characterizes the changes undergone by the usage groups (e.g. appearance, disappearance, fusion and split) at each timestamp. Graphics 26 are generated for each analyzed window, exhibiting statistics that characterizes changing points over time. Available at INRIA's gforce website: INRIA's gforce website (public access, manual V1 september 2009).

Publications : DA SILVA 2009 thesis


An Object-Oriented Software Library for Case-Based Reasoning

CBR*Tools is an object-oriented software library for Case-Based Reasoning (CBR). It provides a basic reusable CBR framework that supports the development of CBR applications. It can be especially used for problems addressing behavorial situation retrieval and indexation.

CBR*Tools consists of three packages, namely, the core, time, and navigation package. The library is specified with the UMT notation (Rose Rational) and written in Java. Click on the icon (on the right hand side), to get a full image of the system's main user interface.

For a short description (only in french)

For a more complete description (french, english)

Publications : INRIA report 1997, CIKM97, PH-D Thesis 1998 (in french) ,

Broadway*Tools and its applicationsw

Case-Based Systems For Supporting User Navigation and Information retrieval on Internet.

Different applications using the CBR*Tools library are currently under construction in order to support:

  • Plant nutrition control in collaboration with INRA Sophia-Antipolis.
  • Navigation on internet : BROADWAY-Web (ex Broawday-V1) is a case-based system for supporting navigation on internet which is based on the http server called Jigsaw (W3C) (written in Java) and the CBR*Tools library. The first version of BROADWAY-Web will be avalaible soon.<
  • Argumentation in collective decision making (see ICCBR'97 on HERMES)
  • Query reformulation > in the context of a meta search engine in collaborationn with XRCE : BeCBKB
  • e-behaviour project (2001-2003) (INRIA & UNSA): supporting navigation inside INRIA RA clone site (2001). Reuse of past visual and non visual behaviours. Visual data are issued from a eye tracking system.
  • Others applications for supporting Navigation inside a Web site (BROADWAY-PREDICT))

Some information about our first Broadway-based application : Broadway-Web

Broadway-Web is a WWW browsing advisor reusing past navigations from a group of users : it follows a gorup of users during their navigations on the WWW (proxy-based architecture) and advise them by displaying a list of potentially relevant documents to visit next. Click on the icon (on the right hand side), to get a full image of the system's main user interface. Broadway uses case-based reasoning to reuse precise experiences derived from past navigations with a time-extended situation assessment : the advice are based mainly on similarity of ordered sequence of past accessed documents. In addition, the dynamic of the WWW is addresses in the reuse step and with a specific method for case forgetting.

Broadway-Web is written in Java using the Jigsaw proxy (W3C consortium) and CBR*Tools. It will be soon running on the Web. Click here for the slides of UK-CBR97 presentation.

For more information, check out the Broadway-Web pages.

Publications : UKCBR97 [ps.Z][html][Slides], Be-CBKB, Broadway-PREDICT

A Web interface developed in C++ and running on our Apache internal Web available for the following methods: SCluster, Div, Cdis, CCClust. Previous versions of the above software have been integrated in the SODAS 2 Software [93] which was the result of the european project ASSO5 (2001-2004). SODAS 2 software supports the analysis of multidimensional complex data (numerical and non numerical) coming from databases mainly in statistical offices and administration using Symbolic Data Analysis [69]. This software is registrated at APP. The latest executive version of the SODAS 2 software, with its user manual can be downloaded at See 2009 AxIS annual report for more details of the main contributions of AxIS to SODAS [79], [105] which have been registered at APP.
  • a java library (the somlib) that provides efficient implementations of several SOM variants, especially those that can handle dissimilarity data (available on Inria's Gforge server, developed by AxIS Rocquencourt and Brieuc Conan-Guez from Universite de Metz).
  • a functional Multi-Layer Perceptron library, called FNET, that implements in C++ supervised classification of functional data (developed by AxIS Rocquencourt).
  • two partitionning clustering methods on the dissimilarity tables issued from a collaboration between AxIS Rocquencourt team and Recife University, Brazil: CDis and CCClust. Both are written in C++ and use the SOL developed for SODAS.
  • two improved and standalone versions of SODAS modules, SCluster and DIVCLUST (AxIS Rocquencourt).
  • a java implementation of the 2-3 AHC (developed by AxIS Sophia Antipolis). The software is available as a Java applet which runs the hierarchies visualisation toolbox called HCT for Hierarchical Clustering Toolbox).
We developed a Web interface for the following methods: SCluster, Div, Cdis, CCClust. Such an interface is developed in C++ and runs on our Apache internal Web server.

Publications : Chelcea's thesis (2-3HAC),Conan-Guez's thesis (SOM, FNET), El Golli's Thesis, ...


Analysis System of Symbolic Official Data

SODAS 2 developed in C++, is the result of the European project called ASSO (Analysis System of Symbolic data), that started in January 2001 for 36 months. It supports the analysis of multidimensional complex data (numerical and non numerical) coming from databases mainly in satistical offices and administration using Symbolic Data Analysis. SODAS 2 is an improved version of the SODAS software developed in the previous SODAS project, following users'requests. This new software is more operational and at- tractive. It proposes innovative methods and demonstrates that the underlying techniques meet the needs of statistical offices. SODAS allows for the analysis of summarised data, called Symbolic Data. The latest executive version (version 2.50) of the SODAS 2 Software, with its user manual (PDF format), can be downloaded at ici The main contributions of AxIS to SODAS are:
  • 1. a Symbolic Object Library (SOL) that provides foundation tools, such as data loading and saving, selection, etc .
  • 2. a divisive hierarchical clustering method on complex data tables called DIV
  • 3. a partitionning clustering method on complex data tables called SCLUST
  • 4. a supervised classification tree for symbolic data, called TREE
  • 5. a tool for extracting symbolic objects from databases, called DB2SO, jointly developed with EDF
Those contributions have been registered at APP.

K-MADe (Kernel of Model for Activity Description Environment). The K-MADe tool is intended for people wishing to describe, analyze and formalize the activities of human operators, of users, in environments (computerized or not), in real or simulated situation; in the field, or in the laboratory. Although all kinds of profiles of people are possible, this environment is particularly intended for ergonomics and HCI (Human Computer Interaction) specialists. It has been developed through collaboration between (:// and INRIA. A new release has been delivered on November 1st 2010. It incorporates the findings from the work of Caffau and al. Its history, documentation and tool are available at:

CLF is a toolbox designed to ease the development of efficient parsers in Prolog. It currently contains a couple of tools. The first one uses Flex to perform lexical analysis and the second is an extension of Prolog DCGs, to perform syntactical analysis. It allows right recursion, take advantage of hash-coding of prolog clauses by modern prolog compilers and keep an automatic link to the source code to ease the development of tools as compilers with accurate error messages. This toolbox has been used to produce a parser for XML. It has also been used to produce the specification formalism SeXML. The generated parsers have been intensively used in our team to parse and analyze XML files, mainly related to our research applied to the Inria annual activity reports.

BibAdmin developed by S. Chelcea (ex-PhD student) is a publication management tool corresponding to a collection of PHP/MySQL scripts for bibliographic (Bibtex) management over the Web. Publications are stored in a MySQL database and can be added/edited/modified via a Web interface. It is specially designed for research teams to easily manage their publications or references and to make their results more visible. Users can build different private/public bibliographies which can be then used to compile LaTeX documents. BibAdmin is made available since the end of 2005 under the GNU GPL license on INRIA's GForge server.

SOmlib is a java library that provides effcient implementations of several SOM variants, especially those that can handle dissimi larity data developed by AxIS Rocquencourt and Brieuc Conan-Guez from Université de Metz. Available on INRIA's Gforge server: (public access, sources)

QSOS-based OI Grid for supporting the OI tool selection

QSOS-based OI Grid for supporting the OI tool selection. The QSOS Grid to compare OI Tools, which is in an XML format, has been translated into a MindMap (see As a first mock-up, the QSOS Web Interface O3S will be installed in september 2011 on our server For the future, we will extend our own QSOS comparative method to other softwares and to other categories interesting for our Living Lab community

NiceAir, an android mock-up for visualizing air quality data on Google map in Nice as well as some interests points (free bikes, free places, bus stop, etc.). Such a mockup will be experimented in the co-creation of green services in the Elliot project and during the european Mobility Week.

F.Bonacina, updated 01-August-2010