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Phd Student in the ACACIA team
E-learning is a very broad term encompassing many different usages of
computers in a learning situation. Not only affecting distance
computers are now a classic medium for education at any level. Still
there is much to
be done to fully understand and take advantage of the introduction of
this new communication channel in the learning situation.
In parallel the development of the World Wide Web gives us access to an overwhelming mass of information. However this information is not really "understandable" by computer programs. On the contrary in the vision of a "semantic web", human and machines share knowledge and data across the web using standard formalisms.
From the beginning the semantic web vision is seen as very promising
for many application domains, especially learning. My PhD work focuses
this can be effectively the case. Relying on W3C standard formalisms
and the experience of the Acacia Team in the area of Knowledge
Management, I propose in
this work a sustainable approach, benefiting from semantic web
technologies, to tackle a standard e-learning problem of accessing
on-line learning resources.
Some technological aspects of this work are supported by the Corese semantic
search engine. This software developed by Acacia, answers SPARQL
queries on an RDF
base of annotations, and ontologies in RDF(S) and OWL-lite. The
integration of this engine allows to quickly deploy high quality
semantic web application.
Following the spread of the web in education areas, a mainstream idea (the Learning Object paradigm) and emerged and stated that a course could be created from heterogeneous bits and pieces found on the Web. A big effort was spent to offer a metadata scheme that would be used to describe the objects and thus allow search, selection and combination to create tailored courses. To evaluate the resulting IEEE LOM standard, I loaded its RDF binding in Corese (considering this model as an ontology) and set up an on line tool to annotate potential learning objects guided by this scheme. The application can be tested at http://ubaye.inria.fr:8080/biblio_test/ . Unfortunately the standard defines very few pedagogically-related concepts, which reduces greatly its interest.
A first experiment of accessing on-line courses, has been conducted in 2005, with a signal analysis introductory course for first year computer engineering students. The experimental application gives access to course content through an "active" reading. This system called QBLS for (Question Based Learning System) is described in several publications and is freely accessible at http://ubaye.inria.fr:8080/exp_weblearn/cours (login:invite,password:invite).
In the context of the Knowledge Web Network of Excellence, I am involved in WP3 "education area". The aim of this project is to set up a learning community about the semantic web. Several scenarios and user profiles have been defined. An on-line repository stores learning material contributed by many partners, and this is to be extended by a demonstration platform (ASPL for Advanced Semantic Platform for Learning) by useful services based on themselves on semantic technology. I offer the QBLS service to ease access to resources on the repository. Resources are annotated by a domain vocabulary and a pedagogical ontology.
A large scale experiment has been conducted from sept05 to jan06 using a java course for computer engineering students. Course content was entirely accessible on-line and annotated by a domain vocabulary expressed in SKOS and a pedagogical ontology. This work exemplifies several contributions on both the methodological and technical aspects of semantic web technologies for learning. The interface can be accessed through http://ubaye.inria.fr:8080/prog101/cours; however in this demo the adaptation features are not available without a login.
do not hesitate to contact me: email@example.com : +33 (0)4 9238 7767 Batiment Borel, BS11 équipe ACACIA Inria Sophia-Antipolis - 2004 route des lucioles B.P. 93 06902 SOPHIA-ANTIPOLIS CEDEX (France)