Olivier FAUGERAS is a graduate from the Ecole Polytechnique, France (1971). He holds a PhD in Computer Science and Electrical Engineering from the University of Utah (1976) and a Doctorate of Science in Mathematics from Paris VI University (1981).

He is currently an Emeritus Senior Scientist ("Directeur de Recherche" in French) at INRIA (Mathematics, Informatics), in the MathNeuro project team, joint scientific venture between INRIA and the JAD Laboratory (Mathematics) at UCA (Université Côte d'Azur).
His research interests have been in image processing, computer vision and robotics until the end of the 20th century.
They are now in mathematical neuroscience, i.e. in applying mathematics to model populations of neurons. The kinds of mathematics that are important in this area encompass the theory of dynamical systems and the bifurcations of their solutions in the deterministic and stochastic frameworks as well as the theory of stochastic processes and large deviation theory. Applications of his work include computer and biological visual perception, neuronal diseases, plasticity and learning, models of functional imaging modalities (MR, MEG, EEG).

He has published extensively in archival Journals, International Conferences, has contributed chapters to many books and is the author of "Artificial 3-D Vision" published in 1993 by MIT Press and, with Quang-Tuan Luong and Théo Papadopoulo, of "The Geometry of Multiple Images" which appeared in March 2001, also at MIT Press. He has co-edited with Nikos Paragios and Yunmei Chen "The Handbook of Mathematical Models in Computer Vision" published in 2005 by Springer. He was an adjunct Professor from 1996 to 2001 in the Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Department of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and a member of the AI Lab. He has served as Associate Editor for IEEE PAMI from 1987 to 1990 and as co-Editor-in-Chief of the International Journal of Computer Vision from 1991 to 2004.

In 2011, together with Stephen Coombes from the University of Nottingham, he started the Open Access (Golden model) Journal of Mathematical Neuroscience (JMN) published by Springer. The journal has ceased publication in December 2021 but remains fully searchable via the SpringerOpen website. He starte in 2022 another Open Access journal under the Diamond model. iThe new journal, Mathematical Neuroscience and Applications is hosted by the non-profit organization Episciences.

In April 1989 he received the "Institut de France - Fondation Fiat" award from the French Academy of Sciences for his work in Vision and Robotics. In July 1998 he received the "France Telecom" award from the French Academy of Sciences for his work on Computer Vision and Geometry.

In November 1998 he was elected a member of the French Academy of Sciences and was in 2000 one of the founding members of the French Academy of Technology. Olivier Faugeras has contributed to start the companies Noesis and RealViz and is a member of the World Technology Network.

In July 2008 he was awarded by the European Research Council (ERC) an advanced grant entitled "From single neurons to visual perception" dealing with the mathematical foundations of neuroscience.

In March 2015 he was awarded the Okawa foundation prize for "Pioneering contributions for computer vision and for computational neuroscience".

In December 2015 he received at ICCV15 the PAMI Azriel Rosenfeld Lifetime Achievement Award. This award is given to researchers in Computer Vision who have made major contributions to the field over their career and who have influenced the field in an extraordinary way. Click here for his speech.