Accommodation and Comfort in Head-Mounted Displays
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Accommodation and Comfort in Head-Mounted Displays

ACM Transactions on Graphics (SIGGRAPH Conference Proceedings), Volume 36, Number 4, page 11 - July 2017
Download the publication : SIG17_accommodation.pdf [25.3Mo]   SuppSIG17_accommodation.pdf [4Mo]  
Head-mounted displays (HMDs) often cause discomfort and even nausea. Improving comfort is therefore one of the most significant challenges for the design of such systems. In this paper, we evaluate the effect of different HMD display configurations on discomfort. We do this by designing a device to measure human visual behavior and evaluate viewer comfort. In particular, we focus on one known source of discomfort: the vergence-accommodation (VA) conflict. The VA conflict is the difference between accommodative and vergence response. In HMDs the eyes accommodate to a fixed screen distance while they converge to the simulated distance of the object of interest, requiring the viewer to undo the neural coupling between the two responses. Several methods have been proposed to alleviate the VA conflict, including Depth-of-Field (DoF) rendering, focus-adjustable lenses, and monovision. However, no previous work has investigated whether these solutions actually drive accommodation to the distance of the simulated object. If they did, the VA conflict would disappear, and we expect comfort to improve. We design the first device that allows us to measure accommodation in HMDs, and we use it to obtain accommodation measurements and to conduct a discomfort study. The results of the first experiment demonstrate that only the focus-adjustable-lens design drives accommodation effectively, while other solutions do not drive accommodation to the simulated distance and thus do not resolve the VA conflict. The second experiment measures discomfort. The results validate that the focus-adjustable-lens design improves comfort significantly more than the other solutions.

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Acknowledgements and Funding

We thank Adobe for generous donations. The work was partly supported by the CRISP Inria Associated Team as part of the Inria@ SiliconValley program between the GRAPHDECO Inria team and UC Berkeley BanksLab. Funding was also provided by EU FP7 ICT-611089 CR-PLAY, EU H2020 727188 EMOTIVE and NSF award #BCS-1354029. We thank D.M. Levi for giving us access to his teamís autorefractor, J. Vera-Vilchez, S. Cholewiak and A. Djelouah for useful discussions, K. Mania for proofreading, J-P. Merlet at Inria for use of the electronics lab and P. Illes for helping with the experiments.


BibTex references

  author       = "Koulieris, George-Alex and Bui, Bee and Banks, Martin S. and Drettakis, George",
  title        = "Accommodation and Comfort in Head-Mounted Displays",
  journal      = "ACM Transactions on Graphics (SIGGRAPH Conference Proceedings)",
  number       = "4",
  volume       = "36",
  pages        = "11",
  month        = "July",
  year         = "2017",
  url          = ""

Other publications in the database

» George-Alex Koulieris
» Martin S. Banks
» George Drettakis